Iguanas are what most people think of when they think "lizard." They have five toes on each foot. They possess a fleshy flap of skin under the chin called a dewlap. All iguanas have spines that run the length of the back. Contrary to popular belief, not all iguanas are green. Most juveniles are bright green, but as they age and grow they can range in color from a dull green to brown or even orange with striped tails.
Our Leopard Geckos are captive bred here at Reptiles by Mack. They are one of the most popular reptile pets because they are calm, very hardy, and come in a wide variety of morphs. Unlike some other geckos, Leopard Geckos are able to open and close their eyes. Leopard Geckos are active during dusk and dawn hours. Adults become very docile and are easy to breed. Leopard Geckos do shed their skin and their tails are fragile so be careful when you hold them. If there is an accident and the gecko “drops” its tail, it will grow back.
Dragons require a temperature gradient in their enclosures because they can't regulate their body temperatures like we can. They have to thermoregulate, which means that they have to move between areas of differing temperatures in order to regulate their internal temperature. You should have a basking spot for your dragon that is around 95-105 degrees F, as they need to get their bodies around 95 degrees to digest their food. Your Dragon will also need an area to cool down if he gets too warm.
One of the larger Genera in terms of the number of species is Kinosternon – the Mud turtles. Mud turtles can be found from the Canadian Southern border to central South America. These species are more carnivorous than most turtles with a natural diet that relies heavily on fish, snails, crustaceans and insects. While some species of mud turtles can attain a size of 22 cm. (9 inches), the much more commonly seen Kinosternon subrubrum only attains 12 cm (5 inches) maximum.
Considered to be one of the most beautifully patterned of all turtles, Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima has become widely available through the reptile trade in recent years. Often called Central American Wood Turtles or C.A. Ornate Woods, members of this species are easily and cheaply purchased from dealers, breeders and even mass-market pet store chains such as Petco and Petsmart, where they are frequently misidentified and inappropriately housed.
The leopard tortoise is the second largest tortoise native to Africa. Only the African spurred tortoise is larger. Two subspecies are generally recognized. Stigmochelys pardalis babcocki is the most common species in the pet trade. It has a large natural range resulting in geographic variations in size, color and temperature tolerance. Stigmochelys pardalis pardalis is from South Africa and Namibia.
Some of the most popular pet tortoises in the United States are the red-footed tortoises of South America. Red-footed tortoises are easy to acquire, are simple to take care of, remain a size that most can easily handle, and they show amazing colorations on their head, legs and shells. Red-footed tortoises are native to moderate climates and have shown an ability to adapt to various climates and habitats in captivity.
The most produced tortoises in the world are probably the sulcata tortoises of north central Africa. Sulcata tortoises are sometimes referred to as African spurred, African spur thigh, and just spurred tortoises. As recently as a few decades ago sulcata tortoises were rare in the United States, but they have shown an amazing ability to adapt to various climates and habitats in captivity, and their low cost combined with a curious personality make them tortoises that are commonly sought after by first-time tortoise owners.